What is a average true range, and how to calculate it?

Average true range meaning:

The average true range (ATR) is a technical analysis indicator; it aims to give an idea about the price volatility of an underlying asset. In other words, it helps understand the intensity of the asset price movement. However, it does not determine the direction of movement because it’s a volatility measure and can be in any direction (up or down). But, with this technique, you understand the expected general movement of the asset price.

This technique was introduced by the market technician method of market volatility by adjusting the complete range of an asset cost for the period under consideration.

It is the standard of true ranges over a particular period. ATR processes volatility, taking into account the gaps in the price movement. Usually, the ATR computation is based on fourteen periods, which can be intraday, daily, weekly, or monthly. To calculate recent volatility, use a shorter average, such as 2 to 10 periods; for the longer-term volatility, use 20 to 50 periods.

What is year on year analysis.

Average true range formula:

The first step in calculating ATR is locating a series of true cycle values for security. The cost range of an asset for a given trading day is merely its high minus its low. In the meanwhile, the true range is surrounding and is defined as:

TR=Max[(H − L),Abs(H − CP​),Abs(L − CP​)]ATR=(n1​) (i=1)∑(n) ​TRi​


TRi​=A particular true range

n=The period employed​

The ATR formula is:

“[(Prior ATR x (n-1)) + Current TR]/n”

Here TR =​max [(high − low), abs (high − previous close​), abs(low – previous close)]

 ATR values are above all calculated on 14-day periods.

How to use Average true range:

A new ATR interpretation is calculated as each time slot passes. On a one-minute chart, a new ATR reading is calculated every minute. On a daily chart, every day, a new ATR is premeditated.

  • Current high minus the prior close.
  • Current low minus the prior close.
  • Current high minus the in-progress low.
  • investigating the ATR Indicator

Calculating the Average True Range Indicator

The computation of the average true range is 14-period based. The phase can be intraday, daily, weekly, or monthly. For instance, a new standard true range is intended daily on an everyday chart and every minute on a one-minute chart. When plotted, the readings form a constant line showing the instability change over time. To calculate the standard true range, a succession of true ranges must be considered first. For a detailed trading period, the true range is the greatest of absolute standards of the following:

1. Current high – Current low

2. Current low – Previous close

3. Current high – Previous close

A standard is occupied for the recorded values of each slot using the number of periods as 14. It provides the worth of the standard true range. The first 14-period regular true series value is intended using the method explained above. For the following 14-period standard true ranges, the next process is used:

Current Average True Range = [Prior Average True Range * 13 + Current True Range] / 14

Interpreting the Average True Range Indicator

If the average true range is getting higher, it implies ever-increasing unpredictability in the market. The average true range is non-directional; consequently, getting a higher range can be a hint of what’s more short sale or long buy.

A quick decline or rise results in high regular true range values. The high values are normally not maintained for long. A low worth of standard true range indicates small ranges in a number of successive periods. The low standard true range values involve lower price volatility.

If the standard true range value remains low for some time, it may point to the possibility of a problem or continuation move and an area of consolidation. The average true range as an indicator of price volatility and is used for entry or stop prompts. The average true range stop adjusts to consolidation spots or abrupt price movements, triggering the strange movement of prices in both increasing and descending directions. The manifold of average true range can be used to track the abnormal price movements.

Average true range strategy:

It is the claim of ATR as a technical analysis indicator to measure cost volatility. The techniques use the standards of open, high, low, and close securities positions to conclude ATR and how much the asset cost moves on average. Using this strategy simplifies the recognition of the point at which the cost of an asset moves above a confrontation area or below a maintained area that is the breakout point.

Average true range percentage:

Average True Range Percent (ATRP) expresses the Average True Range (ATR) pointer as a proportion of a bar’s closing price. ATRP is used to calculate instability just as the Average True Range (ATR) indicator is. ATRP permits securities to be compared, while ATR does not permit the same.

ATR channels volatility at an absolute level, meaning the lesser-priced stock will have lesser. ATRP displays the pointer as a percentage to permit securities trading at different costs per share to be compared.

It is calculated in the following way.

It is calculated in the following way:

Average True Range Percentage = (Average True Range / Close) * 100

Average true range stop loss:

The Thumb rule is that multiply ATR by 2 to get the point for a stop loss. Usually, it’s set at the time of entry into the trade.

Average true range (ATR) is an unpredictability pointer that shows how much an asset moves on average during a given period. The indicator can aid day traders in verifying when they might want to begin a trade and can be used to conclude the assignment of a stop-loss order.


The average true range is an indicator of the cost volatility of assets over a definite period. Average true range values are usually considered based on 14 slots. The slot can be monthly, weekly, daily, or even intraday. A high value of the average true range shows high volatility of the market price of the assets and a low value shows low price variations.

The average true range (ATR) is a market volatility indicator used in the technical analysis. It is usually taken from the 14-day simple moving average sequence of true range indicators. The ATR was initially developed for use in product markets but has been useful for all types of securities.

Leave a Comment